See Thomas Cole Paintings.
Thomas Cole biography
Thomas Cole (February 1, 1801 - February 11, 1848) was a 19th century American artist. He is regarded as the founder of the Hudson River School, an American art movement that flourished in the mid-19th century. Cole's Hudson River School, as well as his own work, was known for its realistic and detailed portrayal of American landscape and wilderness, which feature themes of romanticism and naturalism.
Cole was born in Bolton, Lancashire, England. In 1818 his family emigrated to the United States, settling in Steubenville, Ohio, where Cole learned the rudiments of his profession from a wandering portrait painter named Stein. However, he had little success painting portraits, and his interest shifted to landscape. Moving to Pittsburgh in 1823 and then to Philadelphia in 1824, where he drew from casts at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, he rejoined his parents and sister in New York City early in 1825.
In New York he sold three paintings to George W. Bruen, who financed a summer trip to the Hudson Valley where he visited the Catskill Mountain House and painted the ruins of Fort Putnam. Returning to New York he displayed three landscapes in the window of a bookstore; according to the New York Evening Post, this garnered Cole the attention of John Trumbull, Asher B. Durand, and William Dunlap. Trumbull was especially impressed with the work of the young artist and sought him out, bought one of his paintings, and put him into contact with a number of his wealthy friends including Robert Gilmor of Baltimore and Daniel Wadsworth of Hartford, who became important patrons of the artist.
Cole was primarily a painter of landscapes, but he also painted allegorical works. The most famous of these are the five-part series, The Course of Empire, now in the collection of the New York Historical Society and the four-part The Voyage of Life. There are two versions of the latter, one at the National Gallery in Washington, D.C., the other at the Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute in Utica, New York.
Cole influenced his artistic peers, especially Asher B. Durand and Frederic Edwin Church, who studied with Cole from 1844 to 1846. Cole spent the years 1829 to 1832 and 1841-1842 abroad, mainly in England and Italy; in Florence he lived with the sculptor Horatio Greenough.
After 1827 he maintained a studio at the farm called Cedar Grove in the town of Catskill, New York. He painted a significant portion of his work in this studio. In 1836 he married Maria Bartow of Catskill, a niece of the owner, and became a year-round resident. He died at Catskill on February 11, 1848. The fourth highest peak in the Catskills is named Thomas Cole Mountain in his honor. Cedar Grove, also known as the Thomas Cole House, was declared a National Historic Site in 1999.
Works by Thomas Cole
Thomas Cole Paintings:The Voyage of Life Old Age
Thomas Cole Paintings:The Return
Thomas Cole Paintings:View on the Catskill - Early Autumn
Thomas Cole Paintings:The Connecticut River Near Northampton
Thomas Cole Paintings:The Oxbow
Thomas Cole Paintings:Mount Aetna from Taormina
Thomas Cole Paintings:Genesee Scenery
Thomas Cole Paintings:The Voyage of Life Youth
Thomas Cole Paintings:Sunset of the Arno
Thomas Cole Paintings:The Gardens of the Van Rensselaer Manor House
Thomas Cole Paintings:View of Florence from San Miniato
Thomas Cole Paintings:View of Boston
Thomas Cole Paintings:The Course of Empire Destruction
Thomas Cole Paintings:Indian Pass Tahawus
Thomas Cole Paintings:the Seat of Mr. Featherstonhaugh in the Distance
View Across Frenchmans Bay from Mount Desert Island After a Squall
The Past,Niagara Falls,The Present,Roman Campagna,Falls of Kaaterskill
Thomas Cole Paintings:Home in the Woods
Thomas Cole Paintings:The Hunters Return
Thomas Cole Paintings:The Notch of the White Mountains (Crawford Notch)
Thomas Cole Paintings:The Picnic
The Hunters Return is one of the top selling paintings in our sale record.
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